He soon invented a pressure-adjustment mechanism that allowed gas to be transmitted at great pressure over long distances, and then reduced to low pressure near distribution points. At the time of her death on June 23, 1914, she was living at Erskine Park in Lenox, Massachusetts - the Westinghouse summer home - and the place that she loved the most. Married Life. Now a full-time inventor and businessman, Westinghouse made numerous improvements to railroad track, switch, and circuitry and signalling systems, and founded the Union Switch and Signal Company in 1881 (which was absorbed into Wabtec in 1917). The competition was so costly a patent-sharing agreement was signed between the two companies in 1896. George Westinghouse was one of the most successful inventors of the 19th century and stands toe-to-toe with Thomas Edison as one of the greats of the electrical age. Edison even suggested a Westinghouse AC generator be used in the State of New York's new electric chair. George Westinghouse Fact File: Lifespan: 1846 - 1914 *** Full Name: George Westinghouse, Jr. *** Occupation: American Entrepreneur, Inventor and Engineer *** Date of Birth: He was born on October 6th, 1846 *** Place of Birth: He was born in Central Bridge, New York, USA *** Family background: His father was a machine shop owner *** Early life and childhood: He grew up in New York Andrew Carnegie once said that "Westinghouse could have made a lot more money during his lifetime if he hadnt treated his workers so well". Thomson-Houston was expanding its business while trying to avoid patent conflicts with Westinghouse, arranging deals such as coming to agreements over lighting company territory, paying a royalty to use the Stanley transformer patent, and allowing Westinghouse to use their Sawyer–Man incandescent bulb patent. His descendants still joke that Edison's body is buried somewhere on the grounds. Westinghouse bought rights to the Parsons turbine in 1885, improved the Parsons technology, and increased its scale. The scope of his financial empire was easy to overlook, as he named many of his companies not for himself but for his employees, the inventors and engineers who designed the assorted dynamos, meters, voltage regulators, and transformers that kept electricity humming. It is a failsafe system, in that any rupture or disconnection in the train pipe will apply the brakes throughout the train. He lost interest in the curriculum and dropped out in his first term. , In 1890 Westinghouse's company was in trouble. After deteriorating health and illness confined him to a wheelchair, he died on March 12, 1914. This was a revolutionary improvement over the earlier system of train braking, which required a brakeman's manual pressure and physical presence in each car. Westinghouse also had to deal with an AC rival, the Thomson-Houston Electric Company, which had built 22 power stations by the end of 1887 and by 1889 had bought out another competitor, the Brush Electric Company. He later patented the device. Brakemen had to run from car to car, on catwalks atop the cars, applying the brakes manually on each car. 1884-05-03 Mechanical engineer Frederick Winslow Taylor (28) weds Louise M. Spooner; Historical Events. That same year, Westinghouse formed the "Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing Company"; in 1889 he renamed it as "Westinghouse Electric Corporation". She had also been initially interred in Woodlawn and removed and reinterred at the same time as George. AKA George Westinghouse, Jr. Air brake and AC power. At the outset, the available generating sources were hydroturbines where falling water was available, and reciprocating steam engines where it was not. George Cisar, Actor: Attack of the Giant Leeches. He was an actor, known for Attack of the Giant Leeches (1959), The Ford Television Theatre (1952) and Jungle Jim (1955). The dinning area Natural gas is big news in Western Pennsylvania, as it was in the George Eastman invented the Kodak camera, helping make photography accessible to the public. English Ancestry Maternal Born: 6-Oct-1846Birthplace: Central Bridge, NYDied: 12-Mar-1914Location of death: New York CityCause of death: Heart FailureRemains: Buried, Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, VA, Gender: MaleReligion: PresbyterianRace or Ethnicity: WhiteSexual orientation: StraightOccupation: Inventor, BusinessParty Affiliation: Republican, Nationality: United StatesExecutive summary: Air brake and AC power, Military service: US Army (1863-64); US Navy (1864-66). The book also discredits the myth that her electrocution at Luna Park in Coney Island in 1903 was part of Thomas Edison's fight for supremacy over George Westinghouse in the War of Currents. With the introduction of the automobile after the turn of the century, Westinghouse went back to earlier inventions and devised a compressed air shock absorber for automobile suspensions. AKAGeorge Westinghouse, Jr. Born:6-Oct-1846. Cause of death:Heart Failure. They later acquired houses in Lenox, Massachusetts, where they summered, and in Washington, District of Columbia. Westinghouse saw AC's potential to achieve greater economies of scale as way to build a truly competitive system instead of simply building another barely competitive DC lighting system using patents just different enough to get around the Edison patents.. He served in the Union Army and Navy during the American Civil War, then attended Union College but only for about three months. The story is told that his father agreed to pay George fifty cents a day to cut pipe into specified lengths. Electric lighting was a growing business with many companies building outdoor direct current (DC) and alternating current (AC) arc lighting based street lighting systems. Union Switch and Signal Company Founder (1881) …  The early to mid-1890s saw General Electric, backed by financier J. P. Morgan, involved in costly takeover attempts and patent battles with Westinghouse Electric.  The sudden cash shortage forced the company to refinance its debts. Young George agreed, and within just a few hours he invented a machine to do the cutting. He was ordered to take a rest in 1913 as a heart ailment flared up. Wembley examined the body and ruled that the cause of death had been coronary thrombosis. On the other hand, AC had a key technological advantage its voltage could be transmitted at a low power, then amplified to a higher level by means of a transformer at or near the user's location. He was buried at burial place, Virginia. George Westinghouse. In 1911 Westinghouse received the American Institute of Electrical Engineers's (AIEE) Edison Medal "For meritorious achievement in connection with the development of the alternating current system.". George Westinghouse was born on October 6, 1846, in Central Bridge, New York. They were married for 47 years, and had one son, George Westinghouse III, who had six children. In 1886 he formed Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing Company (now CBS and Viacom) and soon licensed the related patents of Nikola Tesla, the inventor of AC. Dutch Ancestry Maternal, Do you know something we don't? The next year he installed a 1.5-megawatt, 1,200 rpm unit for the Hartford Electric Light Company. IEEE Edison Medal 1911 Grashof Medal 1913 He officially retired in 1909 but continued working in the private laboratory on his estate, and remained a familiar presence at his numerous businesses until about 1911, when his health began to fail. However, without George, who had preceded her in death by three months, she was quoted to have said, "I have nothing to live for now." Westinghouse saw the potential of using alternating current for electric power distribution in the early 1880s and put all his resources into developing and marketing it. If he couldn't build a perpetual-motion machine, he would still have a heat pump system that he could patent and sell. George Westinghouse (1846 – 1914) was an inventor who applied his talents to the railroad and electrical industries. American Society of Mechanical Engineers President (1910) American Numismatic Society German Ancestry Paternal Westinghouse Founder (1886) In 1989, Westinghouse was inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame. In 1884, Westinghouse started developing his own DC domestic lighting system and hired physicist William Stanley to work on it. That required reduction gearing, but building reduction gearing that could operate at high rpm and at high power was difficult, since a slight misalignment would shake the power train to pieces. Westinghouse developed AC while Thomas Edison developed and promoted the rival direct current (DC) system, and their competition became known as "the war of currents". He died on June 13, 1979 in Los Angeles County, California, USA. When he turned 16, he convinced them to let him serve, and he spent one year in the Union army and one year in the Union navy. The Westinghouse company installed 30 more AC-lighting systems within a year and by the end of 1887 it had 68 alternating current power stations to Edison's 121 DC-based stations. Westinghouse replied that might be the case, but it made no difference.  The couple made their first home in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. , Westinghouse's interests in gas distribution and telephone switching led him to become interested in the then-new field of electrical power distribution in the early 1880s. , At about this time, he witnessed a train wreck where two engineers saw one another, but were unable to stop their trains in time using the existing brakes. He retreated to his estate in Lenox, Mass., where he would while away the morning hours fishing. Cause of Death: Cardiovascular Disease U.S. State: New Yorkers Founder/Co-Founder: Westinghouse Electric Company, Westinghouse Air Brake Company, Westinghouse Electric, Union Switch & Signal, British Westinghouse Joining Dr. Large to perform an autopsy was Dr. Whitmell P. Small -- yes, Drs. , In 1889, Westinghouse purchased several mining claims in the Patagonia Mountains of southeastern Arizona and formed the Duquesne Mining & Reduction Company. The group then demolished the house and created what is now Westinghouse Park, between Thomas Boulevard and the Pennsylvania Railroad tracks. , Westinghouse pursued many improvements in railway signals (which then used oil lamps). Photo: MPI/Getty Images Quick Facts Name George Westinghouse Birth Date October 6, 1846 Death Date March 12, 1914 Place of Birth Central Bridge, New York John Fritz Medal 1907 Documents of Emeline (Emilia) Westinghouse (born Vedder) Emeline Westinghouse 1810 New York Emeline Westinghouse in 1870 United States Federal Census Train travel is one of the safest ways to get around. His body was later found by maid Alice Monaghan after she had entered Tesla's room, ignoring the "do not disturb" sign that Tesla had placed on his door two days earlier. With AC networks expanding, Westinghouse turned his attention to electrical power production. Stanley, assisted by engineers Albert Schmid and Oliver B. Shallenberger, developed the Gaulard–Gibbs transformer design into the first practical transformer. Location of death:New York City. 16-Nov-1853, d. 18-Nov-1933)Brother: Albert Westinghouse (Union soldier, d. 1864 Civil War)Brother: John Westinghouse (schoolmaster)Wife: Marguerite Erskine Walker (m. 8-Aug-1867, d. Jun-1914)Son: George Westinghouse III (b. It was patented by Westinghouse on October 28, 1873. Westinghouse remained productive and inventive almost all his life. Large turbines were most efficient at about 3,000 rpm, while an efficient propeller operated at about 100 rpm. At age 21 he invented a "car replacer", a device to guide derailed railroad cars back onto the tracks, and a reversible frog, a device used with a railroad switch to guide trains onto one of two tracks. 1865. pg. He was ordered to take a rest in 1913 as a heart ailment flared up. 20-Mar-1809, d. 1884)Mother: Emeline Vedder (b. In 1885 Westinghouse imported a number of Gaulard–Gibbs transformers and a Siemens AC generator, to begin experimenting with AC networks in Pittsburgh. In 1898 Westinghouse demonstrated a 300-kilowatt unit, replacing reciprocating engines in his air-brake factory. At one time, Westinghouse began to work on heat pumps that could provide heating and cooling, and believed that he might be able to extract enough power in the process for the system to run itself. Order of Leopold, Belgium Home wife are buried in Arlington National Cemetery. This put Westinghouse's business in direct competition with Thomas Edison, who marketed direct current for electric power distribution. William Francis Kemmler (May 9, 1860 – August 6, 1890) was an American peddler, alcoholic, and murderer, who in 1890 became the first person in the world to be executed by electric chair.He was convicted of murdering Matilda "Tillie" Ziegler, his common-law wife, two years earlier. By the turn of the century, Westinghouse's enterprises had grown to employ over 50,000 workers. Westinghouse felt that reciprocating steam engines were clumsy and inefficient, and wanted to develop some class of "rotating" engine that would be more elegant and efficient. By 1911, he was no longer active in business, and his health was in decline. To understand the gruesome history of the death penalty, it is essential to comprehend how badly inventor Thomas Edison wanted to zap his nemesis George Westinghouse. As a Civil War veteran, he was buried in Arlington National Cemetery, along with his wife Marguerite, who survived him by three months. He founded Westinghouse Air Brake Company (now Wabtec) in 1869, and within a few years he was a millionaire. Westinghouse was 19 years old when he created his first invention, the rotary steam engine. At one point he was the President of 34 firms concurrently, with some 50,000 employees and offices and factories across America, Europe, and the civilized world. He then spent several years working in his father's machine shop, making slight improvements in various areas of railroad technology, and inventing a machine that put derailed rail cars back on their tracks. In April 1863 he persuaded his parents to allow him to re-enlist, whereupon he joined Company M of the 16th New York Cavalry and earned promotion to the rank of corporal. It was in time nearly universally adopted by railways. . Parker Pens: Failures Of Global Marketing 931 Words | 4 Pages. Father: George Westinghouse, Sr. (machine shop owner, b. They were married for 47 years, and had one son, George Westinghouse III, who had six children. In 1918 his former home, Solitude, was razed and the land given to the City of Pittsburgh to establish Westinghouse Park. Union Switch and Signal Company Founder (1881)  He also devised the Westinghouse Farm Engine. Westinghouse then developed steam turbines for maritime propulsion. They later acquired houses in Lenox, Massachusetts, where they summered, and in Washington, District of Columbia. Gender:Male. The War of Currents would end with financiers, such as J. P. Morgan, pushing Edison Electric towards AC and pushing out Thomas Edison. The near collapse of Barings Bank in London triggered the financial panic of 1890, causing investors to call in their loans to W.E. This was an advantage over the low voltage DC systems being marketed by Thomas Edison's electric utility which had a limited range due to the low voltages used. One of his first inventions had been a rotary steam engine, but it had proven impractical. At the same time, a contract to build the three-phase AC distribution system the project needed was awarded to General Electric. Remains:Buried, Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, VA. , A six-day workweek was the rule when George Westinghouse inaugurated the first Saturday half holiday in his Pittsburgh factory in 1881.. Birthplace and Boyhood Home in Central Bridge, New York, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1986.. This was the first successful demonstration of long-distance transmission of industrial-grade alternating current power and used two 100 hp Westinghouse alternators, one working as a generator producing 3000-volt, 133-Hertz, single-phase AC, and the other used as an AC motor. Thus the American Institute of Electrical Engineers wanted to determine a precise cause of Pope's death. He drilled four natural gas wells on the sprawling grounds of his Pittsburgh estate, as much to familiarize himself with the technology as to extract gas. Nikola Tesla was a scientist whose inventions include the Tesla coil, alternating-current (AC) electricity, and the discovery of the rotating magnetic field. He dropped out in 1865, after filing a patent for his first invention, a rotary steam engine that was only modestly successful. Died:12-Mar-1914. Westinghouse Machine Company Founder (1880) George Westinghouse was the son of a modestly successful manufacturer of agricultural machinery. The new lenders demanded that Westinghouse cut back on what looked like excessive spending on acquisition of other companies, research, and patents. Westinghouse was after a perpetual motion machine, and the British physicist Lord Kelvin, one of Westinghouse's correspondents, told him that he would be violating the laws of thermodynamics. Page 50 of 50 - About 500 essays. , In 1893, George Westinghouse won the bid to light the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago with alternating current, slightly underbidding General Electric to get the contract. , Westinghouse's demonstration that they could build a complete AC system at the Columbian Exposition was instrumental in them getting the contract for building a two-phase AC generating system, the Adams Power Plant, at Niagara Falls in 1895. 19th century American engineer and businessman. One of the most spectacular failures of global marketing was Parker Pen's misguided foray into standardizing their global marketing program … Emeline passed away of cause of death on month day 1895, at age 85 at death place, Pennsylvania. George Cisar was born on July 28, 1912 in Cicero, Illinois, USA. Sean Connery's Cause of Death Revealed Weeks After He Dies at Age 90 ... noting how he recently graduated from George Westinghouse High School in … That wasn't always the case.  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